Efektivitas Stability Ball Exercise Dalam Menurunkan Intensitas Nyeri Pinggang Selama Kehamilan

The Effects of Stability Ball Exercise on Low Back Pain During Pregnancy

  • Andi Besse Ahsaniyah Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Nahdiah Purnamasari Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Nurhikmawaty Hasbiah Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Nur Anugrawati Irwan
Keywords: Kata kunci: kehamilan, nyeri pinggang, stability ball exercise

Abstract

Kehamilan merupakan masa periode yang banyak menyebabkan perubahan yang besar di dalam tubuh seorang wanita karena adanya pertumbuhan janin di dalam rahim dimana perubahan tersebut sering mengakibatkan adanya keluhan nyeri pinggang yang memberikan dampak terhadap aktivitas sehari-hari pada ibu hamil. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh stability ball exercise terhadap intensitas nyeri pada ibu hamil. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian quasi experiment dengan desain one group pre test post test. Responden penelitian adalah ibu hamil yang berada pada trimester II dan III di Puskesmas Tamalanrea dan Tamalanrea Jaya Makassar sebanyak 13 orang yang dipilih dengan teknik purposive sampling. Stability ball exercise diberikan sebanyak 12 kali, dilakukan 3 kali seminggu selama 4 minggu. Intensitas nyeri pinggang diukur dengan menggunakan VAS. Hasil penelitian setelah dilakukan uji T berpasangan menunjukkan perubahan intensitas nyeri dengan nilai signifikansi sebesar p<0,001 (p<0,05). Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa stability ball exercise efektif menurunkan intensitas nyeri pinggang pada ibu hamil.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Acharya, R. S., Tveter, A. T., Grotle, M., Gran, M. E., & Stuge, B. Prevalence And Severity Of Low Back- And Pelvic Girdle Pain In Pregnant Nepalese Women. Research article pregnancy and childbirth, 2019;1-11.
Birch, K., Mclaren, D., & George, K. Sport and Exercise Physiology (H. Stanbury, Ed.). United State: BIOS Scientific Publishers; 2017
Borg-Stein, J., Dugan, S.A. Musculoskeletal Disorders Of Pregnancy, Delivery And Postpartum. Physical Medicine and rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2007;18, 459–476.
Chang, W. D., Lin, H. Y., & Lai, P. T. Core strength training for patients with chronic low back pain. J. Phys. Ther. Sci., 2017;27(3), 619–622.
Dewi, P. K., Patimah, S., & Khairiyah. Pengaruh Relaksasi Otot Progresif Terhadap Penurunan Nyeri Punggung Bagian Bawah Ibu Hamil Trimester III. Jurnal Bidan “Midwife Journal, 2018; 4(02), 16–24.
Hardhana, B.,dkk. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2019. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2019.
Jones, G., Szudek, A., Wilkinson, H., Mistry, K., Preston, P., Stone, C., & Fox, S. Core Strength Training. In Statistical Field Theory (Vol. 53). United State: Dorling Kindersley Limited; 2018
Khose, Pranita, Dr Akhil Samson, and Dr Tushar J Palekar. “Comparison of Yoga versus Swiss Ball Activity Training in Peri Menopausal Females with Low Back Ache.” International Journal of Health Sciences & Research, 2019; 9 (May): 154–61.
Kluge, J., Hall, D., Louw, Q., Theron, G., & Grove, D. Specific exercises to treat pregnancy-related low back pain in a South African population. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2011; 187-191.
Kurniawati, A., Dasuki, D., & Kartini, F. Efektivitas Latihan Birth Ball Terhadap Penurunan Nyeri Persalinan Kala I Fase Aktif pada Primigravida. Jurnal Ners Dan Kebidanan Indonesia, 2017; 5(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.21927/jnki.2017.5(1).1-10
Lilis, D. N. Pengaruh Senam Hamil Terhadap Nyeri Punggung Bawah Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III. Jurnal Poltekkes Kemenkes Jambi , 2019; 40-45.
Mafikasari Apriliyanti, R. I. Posisi Tidur Dengan Kejadian Back Pain (Nyeri Punggung) Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III. 2015; Vol. 07, No. 02 , 26-34.
Mogren, I. Perceived Health Six Months After Delivery In Women Who Have Experienced Low Back Pain And Pelvic Pain During Pregnancy. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 2007;21, 447–455.
Moon, H. J., Choi, K. H., Kim, D. H., Kim, H. J., Cho, Y. K., Lee, K. H., … Choi, Y. J. Effect of lumbar stabilization and dynamic lumbar strengthening exercises in patients with chronic low back pain. Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2013; 37(1), 110–117.https://doi.org/10.5535/arm.2018.37.1.110
Poudevigne, M.S., O‘Connor, P.J. Physical activity and mood during pregnancy. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise, 2005;37, 1374–1380.
Rasyid, P. S., & Igirisa, Y. The Effect of Birthball Training on Back Pain in Third Trimester Pregnant Women. 173 Humanistic Network for Science and Technology Health Notions , 2019; Volume 3 Number 4 ( April 2019) ISSN 258. 3(4), 173–177
Shagana, M. D. Physiological changes in pregnancy. Article in Drug Invention , 2018; 1594-1597.
Shiri, R., Coggon, D., & Hassani, F. Exercise For the Prevention of Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain in Pregnancy: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. European Journal of Pain, 2018; 19-27.
Sitompul, R. D., Andayani, N. L. N., & Indrayani, A. W. Pemberian Core Stability Exercise dapat Meningkatkan Stabilitas Lumbal pada Kehamilan Trimester III. Majalah Ilmiah Fisioterapi Indonesia, 2014; 2(2). Retrieved from https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/mifi/article/view/8441
Vera-Garcia, F.J., Grenier, S.G., McGill, S.M. Abdominal muscle response during curl-ups on both stable and labile surfaces. Physical Therapy, 2000; 80, 564–569.
Wahyuni dan Eko Prabowo. Manfaat Kinesio Tapping untuk Mengurangi Nyeri Punggung Bawah pada Kehamilan Trimester Ke-3. Surakarta. Jurnal Kesehatan, 2012.
Wang Yi Xiang, Jun Qing Wang, dan Kaplar, Z. Increased low back pain prevalence in females than in males after menopause age: evidences based on synthetic literature review. Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery 2016; Vol 6 No 2., 199-206.
Yan, Hung Y.C., Gau M.L. and Lin K.C. Effect of a stability ball exercise programme on low back pain and daily life interference during pregnancy. Midwfery, 2014; 30 (4): 412-9
Yasobant S, N. S. Musculoskeletal Problems Among Pregnant Women: A Facility Based Survey. International Journal of Medical Research , 2018; 358-363.
Published
2022-03-25
How to Cite
Ahsaniyah, A. B., Purnamasari, N., Hasbiah, N., & Irwan, N. A. (2022). Efektivitas Stability Ball Exercise Dalam Menurunkan Intensitas Nyeri Pinggang Selama Kehamilan. Jurnal Fisioterapi Dan Rehabilitasi, 6(2), 67-73. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33660/jfrwhs.v6i2.160
##“article.abstract”## viewed = 289 times
PDF downloaded = 412 times